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Shandong Chaoyu Shelf Co., Ltd.

How to design the shelf to be reasonable?


发布时间:

2021-07-22

In the daily work of warehouse management, warehouse managers have a lot of troubles, such as the accumulation of goods in the warehouse, no place to store goods, lack of operators, slow operation efficiency, etc. Leaders often criticize warehouse management for confusion, which makes warehouse managers. Feeling stressed. At this time, the shelf is the best choice, so how should the shelf be designed and placed in order to more effectively help the space utilization? Let me introduce to you how to design shelves.
First of all, we must clarify the products in the warehouse and distinguish between the products that can be put on the shelves and the products that can not be put on the shelves. The products that can be put on the shelves have the same pallet size as much as possible. If there is no fixed pallet, you need to customize the pallet, or add a laminate or Layer network assistance. The size of each layer of the shelf is customized according to the length, width and height of the goods, and the overall height of the shelf is determined in accordance with the lifting height of the forklift and the height of the warehouse. Shelves can be combined. The number of shelves can be determined according to the size of the site and the amount of goods stored in the future. If the warehouse area is sufficient, multiple areas can be divided to store goods.
The shelf channel of the warehouse should be determined according to the right-angle turning distance of the forklift. An electric stacker is used in a warehouse, and the lifting height is generally about 7 meters; for a 2 ton forklift, the channel distance is generally kept at 3.2 meters, if space is sufficient. , The channel can be left a bit larger to facilitate the operation of forklift workers.
In general, the design of the shelf should be comprehensively designed according to the specifications, weight, height of the warehouse, the model of the forklift, and the influence of fire protection. Reasonably designing the storage of shelves can not only make use of the warehouse space, but also greatly improve the efficiency of manual operations.

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Cantilever type shelf is a kind of heavy shelf, cantilever type shelf is suitable for storing long raw materials, ring raw materials, furniture boards, pipe fittings and irregular goods, cantilever can be single or two sides, cantilever type shelf has a stable structure, good load working capacity, high space utilization. The height ratio of cantilever shelf is usually within 2.0 meters (if the goods are stored by electric forklift truck, it can reach 6 meters), the length of the cantilever is within 1.5 meters, and the bearing capacity of each arm is usually within 800KG. Cantilever shelf vertical rod is made of H section steel or cold rolled channel steel, cantilever is made of square steel pipe, cold rolled channel steel or H section steel, between cantilever and vertical rod is made of insert type or screw connection type, between base and vertical rod is made of thread connection type, and cold rolled channel steel or H section steel is made of base. Cantilever shelves are ideal solutions for heavy, scattered or other special goods. Cantilever shelves have two arms and arms for efficient storage of wood, pipe fittings, bars and other similar goods. Cantilever shelf is arranged on the traditional storage shelf support of the outer cantilever, is a kind of long object special storage shelf. Cantilever shelves are used in the field of mechanical equipment manufacturing and building materials mall, etc., plus the shelf, especially suitable for small indoor space, relatively low height of the warehouse, convenient management method, spacious sight line, the use rate is higher than the general storage shelves.


Three-dimensional warehouse shelves refer to the shelves used to place goods in the warehouse, which is widely used in industrial warehouses. Three-dimensional warehouse shelves focus on the upward development, make full use of the storage space of the warehouse, his height can reach more than 40 meters, and ordinary shelves are only 3~5 meters, according to the classification of structure, three-dimensional warehouse shelves can be divided into beam shelves, Corridor shelves, gravity shelves, attic shelves and so on. The next step is to analyze the types of three-dimensional warehouse shelves with you one by one, to help you have a deeper understanding of three-dimensional warehouse shelves. In the three-dimensional warehouse shelves, the beam shelf is more convenient and faster in the storage of goods, which ensures that any kind of goods are first-in, first-out and there is no restriction of the type of forklift truck. It can pick up goods at a faster speed. Its space utilization rate can be as high as 30%~50%, and the specific utilization rate is determined by the type of forklift truck. Which is usually the shelf of its storage density is relatively high, is advanced after the type of part, when the pick up has 20%~30% of the space utilization rate, but in fact, the pick up speed is relatively general, its storage space can reach 60% of the overall warehouse, that is to say, it can make full use of 60% of the space. Gravity shelf, its working efficiency is relatively high, and the density is very high, at present. Secondly, the free access type design is adopted. The circulation rate of inventory is very high, and the goods can be picked up according to the order. The speed of picking up goods is relatively fast. Usually for 2 to 3 layers can be designed to lift goods elevator and stairs and simple attic shelves, in fact, the use of double column as a support part of the risk or card can be applied to some warehouses, relatively high, at the same time the goods are relatively light, the need for artificial storage warehouse, when the inventory is relatively large, you can use the elevator or hydraulic lifting platform. Cantilever shelf is an important kind of shelf in the three-dimensional warehouse. Cantilever shelves are suitable for storing long materials, ring materials, plates, pipes and irregular goods. Cantilever can be single-sided or double-sided, cantilever shelf has stable structure, good load capacity, high space utilization. Cantilever shelf column mostly uses H beam or cold rolled beam, cantilever uses square tube, cold rolled beam or H beam, cantilever and; The column is inserted or bolted, the base is bolted to the column, and the base is made of cold-rolled section steel or H-section steel.


In the design of lightweight shelf specifications, should consider the use of requirements, equipment conditions, load weight, material supply and installation conditions and other factors. The dimensional tolerance, deformation and clearance of the light shelf shall meet the relevant standards. Light shelves should be used correctly. Goods should be placed according to load-bearing shelves. Avoid collision between forklift trucks and shelves. It is best to configure anti-collision Angle, anti-collision bar and other anti-collision equipment. Locking devices must be provided at both ends of each beam of the light shelf so that the beam can be firmly fixed to the column to prevent separation due to upward force. In order to ensure the meshing of the beam and its locking device, the normal operation of the beam lock or the fastening of screws and nuts should be checked regularly during use, and the damaged device should be replaced in time. The installation site should be smooth, without ground depression and inequality. The column feet of light shelf posts should be properly fixed on the concrete foundation, while heavy shelves need to be fixed with tension and explosion-proof screws that are closely connected to the ground. The settlement value of light shelf foundation should be strictly controlled to ensure the normal use of shelf structure. In the design of non-integrated warehouse shelf, attention should be paid to the separation of shelf foundation and building column foundation, so as to prevent the damage of the warehouse shelf structure caused by the force.